Jeremy Denk, Wigmore Hall | reviews, news & interviews
Jeremy Denk, Wigmore Hall
Jeremy Denk, Wigmore Hall
Panorama of musical history reveals surprising connections
Medieval to Modern – Jeremy Denk’s Wigmore Hall recital took us on a whistle-stop tour of Western music, beginning with Machaut in the mid-14th century and ending with Ligeti at the end of the 20th. The programme was made up of 25 short works, each by a different composer and arranged in broadly chronological order, resulting in a series of startling contrasts, but punctuated with equally surprising, and often very revealing, continuities.
Nothing in the first half, which spanned Machaut to Bach, was actually written for the piano, but Denk was unapologetic, applying a broad, and thoroughly modern technique with plenty of expression. Medieval polyphony began the programme, with Mass movements from Ockeghem and Desprez interspersed with secular songs, from Binchois, Dufay and others. From here, Denk moved into Baroque keyboard music. The polyphony benefited from Denk’s smooth but carefully applied legato to give the impression of vocal lines, while a subtle, expressive rubato brought every nuance of the virginal and harpsichord music to life.
A masterful piano technique, and obviously deep engagement with the construction of these works allowed Denk to clearly project the important contrapuntal lines, the tenor canti firmi singing out through the Mass movements and the crucial bass lines of Scarlatti and Bach always crystal clear. In his opening address, Denk conceded that the historical narrative was far from linear, and the chronology threw up some jarring contrasts; Gesualdo’s O dolce mio Tesoro sounds bizarre in any time, but no more so than when heard directly after a voluntarie by William Byrd. On the other hand, the continuity from Scarlatti’s ebullient Sonata K 545 to Bach’s darker but equally inventive Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue brought out the best in both composers.
The second half was made up almost entirely of music written for the piano, allowing Denk to demonstrate the scope of his pianistic credentials. His solid and very definite touch, often subtle but never ambiguous, brought an emphatic quality to the Classical-era works. That might feel wearing in a standard programme, but it gave the individual movements presented here valuable identity and definition. The Andante of Mozart’s G-Major Piano Sonata, K 283, got the sequence off to an elegant start, but the mood soon turned more caustic with a surprisingly broody and tempestuous reading of Beethoven’s Sonata Op. 10/1 first movement.
Moving into the Romantic era, Denk really found his stride, and the Liebestod was the highlight of the evening, the pianist perfectly gauging Liszt’s take on Wagner to produce colours and textures as nuanced as the original. This was the longest work in the recital, and Denk took the opportunity to sculpt the long paragraphs and carefully grade each of the climaxes. Brahms might seem a comedown after this, but the late Intermezo, op. 119/1, proved the perfect epilogue, admittedly smaller in conception and more interior in its expression, but the harmonies are similarly ambiguous, and the experience, at least of hearing them together here, was one of startling unity.
Up until Stockhausen’s Klavierstück 1, Denk had performed entirely from memory, but could be forgiven for reaching for the music stand now. This short, sharp shock served to contextualise the final phase of the evening, to starkly contrast the Philip Glass that followed on, and to make the Ligeti Étude ‘Automne à Varsovie’ seem like a summation rather than a wayward oddity.
In fact, the Ligeti proved the perfect climax, not least for Denk’s masterful performance (not coincidentally, his recording of the Ligeti Études - pictured right - was on sale in the foyer). Despite the astonishing versatility the pianist had shown throughout the evening, this music remains his forte. As in the Liebestod, the subtle gradations of tone and the fluent but carefully controlled way that each climax was approached marked this out as a distinguished reading, and the thundering descent to the bottom of the keyboard brought the evening to a dramatic and unambiguous close.
Apart, that is, from a brief epilogue, a return to the Medieval with the Binchois Triste plaisir that had appeared early in the first half. It brought welcome calm after the Ligeti and offered a moment of reflection to contemplate the programme, a broad and detailed historical panorama in which every one of the works was presented in a new and revealing light.
- This performance was recorded by BBC Radio 3 and will be broadcast on Tuesday 20 September
- Read more classical music reviews on theartsdesk
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