fri 18/08/2017

Pelléas et Mélisande, Garsington Opera review - brilliant but frustrating | reviews, news & interviews

Pelléas et Mélisande, Garsington Opera review - brilliant but frustrating

Pelléas et Mélisande, Garsington Opera review - brilliant but frustrating

Masterpiece of communication failure beautifully played and designed but impassively staged

Mélisande (Andrea Carroll) arrives in the sunken linerClive Barda

A drama of passion for essentially passive characters, Debussy’s one and only completed opera is a masterpiece of paradox. How do you stage a work whose dramatis personae hardly seem aware of their own destructive feelings, and who inhabit their island world like the blind who, according to Pelléas, used to visit the curative fountain but stopped doing so when the king himself went blind?

Michael Boyd, in his beautiful but occasionally frustrating production for Garsington Opera, approaches - if he doesn’t wholly solve – this problem by treating each of the 15 scenes as a kind of static tableau in which the characters often seem incapable of approaching or even looking at each other. “Don’t touch me” are Mélisande’s first words to Golaud, and still in the penultimate scene the adoring Pelléas admits, “I have not yet dared look her in the eye.”

At the same time Boyd cleverly animates the drama by linking the rat-tat-tat of short scenes with action not envisaged by either the composer or the author of the original play, Maurice Maeterlinck, but necessitated by the lengthy interludes Debussy extended at short notice to cover the scene changes. Golaud’s son Yniold appears first in Act 3 of the score, but is here present from the start, on Golaud’s or Mélisande’s arm, playing ball with the moon, and even rescuing Mélisande’s crown from the well into which we have, no less uncanonically, watched her drop it during the prelude.

Pelléas et Mélisande, Garsington OperaNo scene changes here. Everything takes place in a single fixed set (designer Tom Piper, lighting by Malcolm Rippeth) that resembles nothing so much as the grand salon of a sunken liner, all blue and gold, with staircases right, left and centre, an apparently floating balcony, various dark corners, and a general air of submarine decay. Whatever else one might say about the performance, it’s stunningly watchable. Boyd’s dramaturgy is like a film: for instance, entering the dungeon Golaud and Pelléas descend a rickety staircase from high on the left, but later re-emerge at stage level centre, implying a shifting space far larger than the visible frame. The forest becomes the castle hall, the castle becomes the cave. The whole of Allemonde – an island nowhere – is crammed into this moribund salon of misunderstood and barely even recognised emotion.

But while Boyd’s characters freeze or stand helpless, the Philharmonia Orchestra under Jac van Steen leave us in no doubt about the brooding, sometimes raging passions they’re unable to express. This is a brilliant, uninhibited reading of Debussy’s not entirely restrained score. While Golaud gives a few cursory tugs at Mélisande’s hair after catching her in flagrante delictu with Pelléas on the balcony, the orchestra swirls and heaves his repressed violence; and while the lovers declare their passion at 20 paces in the penultimate scene, van Steen and co. itemise their true desires. The playing throughout is superb.

Like Wagner, Debussy reveals almost everything in the orchestra. But the singers also need attention, and though van Steen coordinates this rich and complex music – stage and pit – without a hitch, there are times when one would like to hear a little more of the voices. Only Paul Gay’s perhaps too aged Golaud (he has, after all the same mother as the youthful Pelléas), and Brian Bannatyne-Scott’s Arkel ride the orchestra dependably. William Davies does his overtime as Yniold with an expertise beyond his years, but often comes off second best in terms of balance. Susan Bickley is a warm, comforting Geneviève, also more in evidence than the score implies, and none the worse for that.

At the focus of it all, Andrea Carroll and Jonathan McGovern (pictured above) look and sound well enough, but suffer somewhat from the restraint imposed on them by the production. Carroll, a dark-haired, mezzoish Mélisande, is good at the poised and mysterious but lacks consistent intensity. McGovern, a high baritone Pelléas in plain shirt and trousers (he has sung Papageno and Purcell’s Aeneas, but also Monteverdi’s Orfeo) likewise sings with great polish but never quite convinces that love is a case of kill or be killed.

Any Pelléas as beautiful and musically accomplished as this will intrigue and fascinate like few other operas. To judge by the audience response, I may be almost alone in also wanting a shade more electricity in the lack of communication.

A beautiful but occasionally frustrating production whose characters often seem incapable of approaching or even looking at each other

rating

Editor Rating: 
4
Average: 4 (1 vote)

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